Goodyear welting is one of the three construction methods of shoe construction. It is the oldest, most labor-intensive, and most durable method, It can be done by a machine or by hand, with multiple steps involved.
Preparing the insole for stitching is the first part of the process. This is accomplished by creating a "rib" that runs across the insole. Many shoemakers produce the rib by slicing and sculpting the insole, while others use additional material such as linen tape to do so.
The second step is to finish the boot. This is achieved by running the outsole over the last one and adding it to the last one, along with the insole.
Step three is real welting. Shoe-specific threads are sewn through the globe, bottom, and insole rib at this stage. The universe is connected to the outsole by means of a separate thread. A lockstitch is used for both of these stitching points–ensuring that if it breaks down at any particular point in the boot, the chain will not unravel.